Hoima City is located in Hoima District, Mid-western Uganda. Coordinates: 01 24N, 31 18E. Hoima District is bordered by Buliisa District to the north, Masindi District to the northeast, Kyankwanzi District in the east, Kibaale District to the south, Ntoroko District to the southwest and the Democratic Republic of the Congo across Lake Albert to the west.
The headquarters of the district local government and the throne of the Omukama of Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom are all in Hoima Municipality. The Municipality is bordered by the five Local Governments of Hoima District namely Buhanika and Kyabigambire Sub-counties in the east, Kitoba in the north, Buhimba in the south and Bugambe in the West.
Hoima city covers an estimated area of 228 square Kilometres. This Local Government is composed of four Divisions which are further subdivided into sixteen wards. The city comprises of 4 divisions namely, Mparo (with 4 Wards and 45 cells), Kahoora (4 wards and 33 cells), Bujumbura Division (3 wards and 30 cells) and Busiisi (4 wards and 32 cells). In total it is made up of 145 cells referred to as LC Is. It is bordered by other Local Governments namely Buhanika Sub-county in the east, Kitoba in the west, Buhimba in the North and Kyabigambire in the South.
The spatial distribution of the population has an effect on the development of a country and its constituent parts. The spatial distribution of a population is affected by factors such as environmental factors, historical factors and the level of economic activity among others. For purposes of this development plan, the study of the spatial distribution of the population is limited to the division/Subcounties.
National Population and Housing Census 2014 preliminary results by the Uganda Bureau of Statistics indicate that the population of Hoima city if 100,625 with a Population growth rate of 10.7 per cent compared to 3.7% by 2002. This growth rate is second to Wakiso Town Council with 11.9% pa which was the highest. This high population growth rate is due to expansion of the boundaries after the 2000 National Population and Housing Census which the base year and also the developments in the oil and gas sector that has brought in many people as investors as well as other seeking employment.